ACHOR, VALLEY OF


ACHOR, VALLEY OF
ACHOR, VALLEY OF (Heb. עֵמֶק עָכוֹר), site near Jericho where achan was stoned to death for helping himself to some of the forbidden booty taken from Jericho (Josh. 7:24–26). Achor is mentioned in Joshua (15:7) as being located on the border of Judah and Benjamin, between Debir and Adummim. Both Hosea (2:17) and Isaiah (65:10) predicted that in time to come this valley would cease to be a desert. Achor figures in the copper scroll from the Dead Sea as the site of vast hidden treasures. Eusebius (Onom. 18:17–20) located it north of Jericho in the direction of Galgala, and it has been placed by most scholars in or near Wadi el-Qelt, or farther north at the large Wadi Nuwei'imeh. A more recent suggestion is al-Buqei'ah, a large plain in the Judean Desert southwest of Jericho. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Abel, Geog, 2 (1938), 48; Milik, in: RB, 66 (1959), 331–2; Noth, in: ZDPV, 71 (1955), 1–59; M. Baillet et al., Discoveries in the Judaean Desert, 3 (1962), 262 ff.; J.M. Allegro, Treasure of the Copper Scroll (1960), 64–68; Wolff, in: ZDPV, 70 (1954), 76–81; Muilenburg, in: BASOR, 140 (1955), 11–19. (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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